The Colosseum Rome Italy Location Facts History Architecture

Colosseum at Night

Colosseum at Night

The Colosseum, making its place in one of the seven wonders of the world is the largest amphitheater in the world it was constructed during the Roman Empire and is still one of the most well-known landmarks in Rome, Italy.

The Colosseum is an oval open-air amphitheater in the heart of Rome. The Colosseum, sometimes referred to as the Flavian Amphitheater, was purposefully constructed close to the Roman Forum, making it one of the most astoundingly well-liked tourist destinations in the nation, with over 6 million visitors annually.

Inside Colosseum

Inside Colosseum

Over 2000 years have passed since the Colosseum was constructed as it was built between 70-72 A.D. Vespasian of the Flavian Dynasty, the Roman Emperor, ordered it. This was a gift from him to the Roman citizens and was originally known as the “Flavian Amphitheater”; it served as a public location for several executions, exotic animal trafficking, and role-play of battles and fights. Despite being abandoned for more than 500 years, the Colosseum is still a symbol of all the great and tragic events that occurred here.

The Colosseum was constructed in a very deliberate manner. The exterior wall is ovular-shaped, 188 meters long, 156 meters wide, and 52 meters high. It stands on a two-step foundation and has an oval shape with an axe. Three storeys of arcades and the fourth floor with rectangular windows are located above that. Each floor at first contained about 80 Roman-numbered arches split by a half-column pillar. There are three layers of masts within. 240 masts are located on the highest level. Tragically, the entire south side collapsed as a result of the earthquake in 1349. However, the Northside’s original pilaster and arch layers survived and are now recognized as the “outer wall”.

Colosseum View

Colosseum View

As an earthquake that occurred in the year 1349 badly damaged a portion of the Colosseum. When an Egyptian monk visited Rome in 404 A.D. and protested the killing in the battles and the animal murder during the gladiator games, the gladiator contests were put to an end during the reign of Emperor Honorius. Telemachus, an Egyptian monk, was assassinated by a crowd for putting an end to these vicious games.

Following the arrival of Christianity and the collapse of the Roman Empire and economy in 534 A.D., these games ceased to exist entirely. The Colosseum could not be repaired because the Roman empire’s economy collapsed after Emperor Honorius’ rule.

Colosseum From Outside

Colosseum From Outside

Notable interesting facts about The Colosseum:

1) The Colosseum took ten years to construct.
2) St. Peter’s Basilica and other monuments were constructed using stones and materials taken from the Colosseum.
3) The Roman Colosseum was built by Vespasian the Emperor and his son Titus.
4) The Colosseum is oval in design and has a surface area of 24,000 square meters, or 6 acres of land.
5) There are 80 entrances to this building, which has room for 50,000 spectators.
6) For 390 years, the Colosseum served as a venue for entertainment, during which time millions of people and animals died.
7) 9000 animals were slaughtered in 80 A.D. as part of the building’s inauguration, and as a result, numerous animal species, including the African elephant and the hippo, have vanished from the planet.
8) About 40,000 individuals perished in the Roman Colosseum, of whom only 9% were gladiators, according to one of the monument’s facts.

Colosseum From Inside

Colosseum From Inside

What to know before you travel to the Colosseum:

1) The Colosseum is open to the public for free on the first Sunday of each month when up to 30,000 people visit.
2) To avoid waiting in huge queues at the Colosseum, it is recommended to purchase your tickets in advance.
3) Colosseum is an outdoor amphitheater, you should wear comfortable shoes and clothing, bring a hat, and use sunscreen.
4) Colosseum is a family location where one can Families with children can visit the Colosseum with ease.
5) The Flavian Amphitheatre and Coliseum are other names for the Colosseum.

Colosseum's Other side

Colosseum’s Other side

How to Reach:

Air: There are two considerate airports to visit The Colosseum, amongst which Leonardo da Vinci International Airport at Fiumicino is around 27 km away and the Ciampino airport is around 14 km away from the attraction.

Metro: The nearest metro station is Colosseo, which is at a walkable distance from the Colosseum.

Best time to visit:

November to March (Colosseum will be closed on 1st January and 25th December)

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