Top attractions of Alexandria – “The Pearl of Mediterranean.”
Alexandria is the second-largest city in Egypt, with a population of around four million. It is the largest city in the Mediterranean and is known as “The Pearl of the Mediterranean.” It remained the capital of Egypt for almost 1,000 years and enjoyed considerable prosperity due to its essential trade area between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.
Alexandria is the dazzling jewel of a city in the Mediterranean, home to the Great Library of Alexandria and the colossal Lighthouse of Pharos – one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Plan your trip with our list of the five best attractions and things to do in Alexandria.
1. Bibliotheca Alexandrina
The ancient library of Alexandria was one of the largest of all classical institutions. Bibliotheca Alexandria was burned down in the first century, and many of its precious books were destroyed. The new library may not be as extensive and rich as the previous one. However, it is still a vast library and crucial social hub, comprising three exhibition halls, four art galleries, a planetarium and a laboratory. They rescue and repair the old original copies. . They also have a good segment of children’s books, which can be fun to explore if you’re on vacation with your kids.
The Corniche is a flawless waterfront promenade that runs along with the eastern port for 16 km and ends with the Palace of Montazah. The promenade offers a dazzling view of the bay and the Mediterranean; it’s probably the best place in town to take a walk before stopping for a drink. Come here in the summer, right after dinner, when the lights and the air are enchanting. Much of the architecture stands along the cornice, although nowadays, much of it is severely worn and falling into disrepair. You can see the most famous landmarks such as the multi-domed Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque and the still-standing heritage hotels, the Steigenberger Cecil Hotel and the Paradise Inn Windsor Palace Hotel during your walk.
3. Citadel of Qaitbay
The citadel was founded in 1477 AD by a sultan named Al-Ashraf Sayf El-Din Qaitbay. It is located on the Mediterranean Sea coast, east of the northern tip of the island of Pharos. Built on Alexandria, one of the most preserved Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the 15th-century Qaitbay Citadel (known as Fort Qaitbey) is a postcard-worthy maritime fort. The parapets show expansive views of the city, the small museum contains maritime relics and aquariums, and three pillars probably date from the lighthouse.
4. Royal Museum of Jewelry
The Royal Museum of Jewelry celebrates the Egyptian royal family founded by Mohamed Ali Pasha in 1805. The collection is exhibited in the dazzling palace of Princess Fatma El Zahraa, a descendant of Mohamed Ali Pasha. The palace serves as a striking background to the great estates belonging to the family during their reign. It interestingly blends European and Islamic styles and reflects the princess’s remarkable taste in the paintings, slippery roofs and mosaics decorating the castle’s many rooms. The decadent lifestyle of the ruling family is reflected in the museum’s collection, such as a gold chessboard, gold binoculars encrusted with jewels, rubies and emeralds, and gold cups adorned with precious stones.
5. Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa
This archaeological site is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. The cemetery has a series of graves, sculptures and archaeological objects. When you come to Alexandria, don’t miss the opportunity to visit the catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, which means ‘mound of shards’ and is known to include Roman, Greek and Egyptian cultural points, and its walls contain the distinctive inscriptions of each of them. Nowadays, the catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa are considered one of the main attractions of Alexandria due to their combination of the previously mentioned civilizations.
Alexandria’s attractions never fail to amaze tourists, and today the region has become one of the tourism hot spots in Egypt. Some of the most famous attractions mentioned earlier are the Citadel of Qaitbey, the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, and the New Library of Alexandria, home to world-class art galleries and an incredible planetarium. If you want to visit Alexandria when you come to Egypt, we can guide you every step of the way, suggesting the best hotels, taking you to the most beautiful places, and providing you with unique places to eat. With the help of our private Egypt tours, you will discover them all and all the fantastic attractions of other cities in the country.