The 3 places in the world to be stripped of their UNESCO World Heritage status

The 3 places in the world to be stripped of their UNESCO World Heritage status

Today’s announcement that Liverpool have been stripped of their World Heritage status will be a huge disappointment to the people of Merseyside and beyond. But did you know that this is not the first time that the UN has used its powers to strip a site of its World Heritage status? Since the UNESCO World Heritage List began in 1978, three places have been classified as UNESCO World Heritage, and subsequently withdrawn. They are as follows:

Arabian Oryx Sanctuary, Oman – awarded in 1994, revoked in 2007

Oman’s Arabian Oryx Sanctuary holds the dubious distinction of being the very first site to be removed from the UNESCO World Heritage List. Located in the biogeographical regions of the central desert and coastal hills of Oman, the sanctuary’s unique climate of seasonal mists and dew supports a diverse range of flora and fauna, including – as the name suggests – including the former herd of Arabian oryx roaming free since the species was declared extinct in the wild in 1972.

Unfortunately, the subsequent poaching and degradation of the sanctuary’s habitat almost wiped out the herd. In addition, the sanctuary was reduced by 90% after the discovery of oil at the site, and the designation was withdrawn in 2007 at the request of the government of Oman, with only four breeding pairs of oryx counted at that time. era. The total number of herds fell from 450 to just 65 during this period.

More recently, a new effort at a sanctuary to protect the species has been more successful, with the number of this Arab “unicorn” dropping from 300 to around 850 in just three years.

Dresden Elbe Valley, Germany – awarded in 2004, revoked in 2009

The 20 kilometer stretch of the Elbe through Dresden into the capital of the German state of Saxony, known as the Elbe Valley of Dresden, has enormous panoramic and architectural value, and the skyline baroque and the picturesque river have inspired many poets.

It was, however, the construction of the Waldschlösschen Bridge, which was considered highly controversial, that resulted in the removal of World Heritage status. The intention of the bridge was to alleviate the traffic jams in downtown Dresden, but came at the expense of being only the second place in the world to be struck off by the UN.

Liverpool, UK – awarded 2004, revoked 2021

Liverpool was granted its World Heritage Site status due to its historic waterfront and the city was a crucial hub during the heights of the British Empire.

Developments such as the new Premiership football ground for Everton FC in the Bramley-Moore Dock area were seen as “serious deterioration” of the historic site. A meeting held in China, 20 votes were cast – including 13 in favor of removing the city’s statute, five against the proposal and two invalid ballots – was enough to seal Liverpool’s fate.

The UN even has an “endangered list” of other sites whose World Heritage status is also threatened. They are more than fifty and are as follows:

Afghanistan

Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (2003)
Minaret and archaeological remains of Jam (2002)

Austria

Historic Center of Vienna (2017)
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
City of Potosí (2014)

Central African Republic

Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (1997)

Ivory Coast

Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (1992) *
Democratic Republic of Congo
Garamba National Park (1996)
Kahuzi-Biega National Park (1997)
Okapi Wildlife Reserve (1997)
Salonga National Park (1999)
Virunga National Park (1994)

Egypt

Abu Mena (2001)

Guinea

Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (1992) *

Honduras

Río Platano Biosphere Reserve (2011)

Indonesia

Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (2011)

Iraq

Ashur (Qal’at Sherqat) (2003)
Hatra (2015)
Samarra Archaeological City (2007)

Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)

Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (1982)

Kenya

Lake Turkana National Parks (2018)

Libya

Archaeological site of Cyrene (2016)
Leptis Magna Archaeological Site (2016)
Sabratha Archaeological Site (2016)
Old town of Ghadames (2016)
Rock art sites of Tadrart Acacus (2016)

Madagascar

Tropical Forests of Atsinanana (2010)

Mali

Old towns of Djenné (2016)
Timbuktu (2012)
Tomb of Askia (2012)

Mexico

Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California (2019)

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Nan Madol: Ceremonial Center of Eastern Micronesia (2016)

Niger

Air and Ténéré nature reserves (1992)

Palestine

Hebron / Al-Khalil Old Town (2017)
Palestine: Land of Olive Trees and Vines – Cultural Landscape of South Jerusalem, Battir (2014)

Panama

Fortifications on the Caribbean side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (2012)

Peru

Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (1986)

Senegal

Niokolo-Koba National Park (2007)

Serbia

Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (2006)

The Solomon Islands

Rennell East (2013)

Syrian Arab Republic

Ancient City of Aleppo (2013)
Ancient Town of Bosra (2013)
Ancient City of Damascus (2013)
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria (2013)
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din (2013)
Palmyra site (2013)

Uganda

Tombs of the Buganda Kings at Kasubi (2010)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Liverpool – Maritime Merchant City (2012)
United Republic of Tanzania
Selous Game Reserve (2014)

united states of america

Everglades National Park (2010)

Uzbekistan

Shakhrisyabz Historic Center (2016)

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Coro and its port (2005)

Yemen

Historic Town of Zabid (2000)
Old City of Sanaa (2015)
Old Walled City of Shibam (2015)

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