Sagarmatha National Park: A Spectacular Bioreserve In Mount Everest

Surrounded by the mighty Mount Everest and other peaks, deep valleys and Himalayan glaciers; Sagarmatha National Park, located in north-east Nepal, is one of the most beautiful creations on earth. Located at a distance of 135 km from Kathmandu, this national park is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and one of the sacred Himalayan landscapes. From flora, fauna to spectacular landscapes, every aspect of nature’s charm is preserved here.

If you’re planning a trip to this Himalayan wonder, this short guide on Sagarmatha National Park will help you make the most of it.

Best time to visit Sagarmatha National Park

The best time to visit here is from October-November and March to May. One should avoid visiting from June to September as the place receives heavy rainfall, around 1000 mm and makes hiking and camping difficult. The winter months starting from December to February are extremely cold and snowfall is common during these months.

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Location and Geography

Established in 1976, Sagarmatha National Park is located in the Khumbu region of Nepal. This is the first national park of Nepal. Spread over an area of ​​1148 square km, the altitude of this bioreserve is between 2845-8848 meters. Sagarmatha National Park is bordered by the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet Autonomous Region in the north and the Dudh Koshi River in the south. Sagarmatha National Park became a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979.

other details


climate on Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal Varies between semi-arid subtropical to temperate types with moderate to heavy annual rainfall. The summer months are moderate, while heavy rainfall is recorded from July to September. The winter months are extremely cold with temperatures dropping below the freezing point.

Sagarmatha National Park Entry Fee and Timings

This beautiful park is open 24 hours to facilitate all the tourists, but it is advisable to visit it before sunset. Due to the presence of endemic wildlife, hiking and trekking in the dark is a bit risky.
For entry, you need to purchase an access pass from the Sagarmatha National Park visitor centre, which is located at Monzo and Namche Bazaar. The pass costs Rs 1500 for SAARC citizens, Rs 3000 for foreigners and Rs 25 for Nepalese locals. A passport is required to issue an access pass.

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Flora and Fauna of Sagarmatha National Park

The national park of Nepal is rich in a variety of flora and fauna. If you love bird watching, you are in for a treat. There are also unique indigenous animals that you will meet along the way.

Flora of Sagarmatha National Park

Since the altitude of the national park ranges between 2845-8848 meters, distinct variations can also be seen in the types of vegetation. The low altitude forests are dominated by rhododendron, birch, juniper, blue cedar, pine and bamboo. Dwarf shrubs, mosses and lichens are found at higher altitudes. Rhododendrons bloom in April and May and remain colorful and vibrant until September.

Fauna of Sagarmatha National Park

A wide range of wildlife can be seen inside the park including Himalayan tahr, musk deer, ghouls, snow leopards, wolves, lynx and weasels. Sagarmatha National Park is home to over 1000 rare to endangered bird species and some of them are the Himalayan monal, snowcock, yellow-billed chough, blood pheasant and red-billed chough. This is why Sagarmatha National Park has been designated as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

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Things to do in Sagarmatha National Park

There are so many things to do and experiences at this park. Make sure you enrich your visit to this attraction by adding all these experiences to your list.

1. Hiking

In Sagarmatha National Park, hiking is the most popular adventure activity among visitors. There are rugged mountain paths within the forest and each path offers spectacular views of the Himalayan peaks, mountains and valleys. People can access most of the trails on their own, but it is definitely better and more effective if you hire a local Sherpa. have one Sagarmatha National Park Tour To visit the best hiking trails and camping sites.

2. Gecko Lake: Camping!

If you are fond of thrill and adventure; Camping on the banks of the beautiful Gaiko Lake is a wonderful idea. It is a beautiful lake located in Sagarmatha National Park, which remains frozen during winter. Pitch a tent under the open sky and take the camping experience to a different level. Although the place offers breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and glaciers, it is definitely awe-inspiring to see the mighty Mount Everest from the Gecko Lake.

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3. Mount Taboche: Trekking to the Highest Point Monastery

Trekking up to Mount Taboche is tough and challenging, but as soon as you reach the monastery, the highest point of Taboche; The surrounding views will definitely astonish your senses and refresh your heart. Taboche Monastery is a beautiful stupa and center for preaching and preaching Buddhism. Visit this place to worship, seek blessings and calm your heart.

4. Mount Everest: Viewing it from Kala Patthar

Kala Patthar, located within the Sagarmatha National Park, is the closest approach to Mount Everest. Situated at 5545 metres, one has to experience a steep climb before reaching this mesmerizing place. The spectacular views of not just Everest but the snow-laden Himalayan peaks and ranges make this trip worthwhile in every sense.

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5. Dudh Koshi River: Chilling

The Dudh Koshi River borders the bioreserve in the south and offers a spectacular view of the stream flowing through the rugged terrain. Spending time on the banks of this mighty river and enjoying the stunning beauty is one of the best things to do in Sagarmatha National Park. There are many suspension bridges on the river, which offer even more amazing views.

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Places to Stay near Sagarmatha National Park

Are you wondering where to stay while visiting this park? Well, here is your answer to the best accommodation available in or near the park. Well, there are no fully equipped hotels and resorts near the park, so where to stay near Sagarmatha National Park is a concern that troubles every traveller. But do not worry! There are some good homestays and lodges nearby, which offer comfortable and convenient accommodation with basic amenities. You can book at Yeti Mountain Home Phakding, Thanka Inn, Everest Inn and Hotel Khangri.

How to reach Sagarmatha National Park?

Sagarmatha National Park is in a remote location and access is quite challenging. The nearest air connectivity is at Tenzing-Hillary Airport, Lukla, 33 km away. The best and easiest way to reach Sagarmatha National Park from Kathmandu is to take a short flight (25 minutes) to Lukla. From Lukla, one can trek to the national park. The path is difficult, bumpy yet extremely exciting.

Distance from Kathmandu to Sagarmatha National Park: 135 kilometers

Sagarmatha National Park Map

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Is your adventurous heart ready to visit Sagarmatha National Park? Fair enough! Plan a trip to Nepal and include this attraction in your itinerary to enjoy Nepal’s nature at its best.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Sagarmatha National Park

Why is Sagarmatha National Park so important?

Sagarmatha National Park is the first national park in the country and has been inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site which makes this place an important attraction in the country.

How many districts are there in Sagarmatha region?

Sagarmatha region consists of a total of 14 districts which are located in eastern Nepal.

When was Sagarmatha National Park included in the World Heritage List?

Sagarmatha National Park was included in the World Heritage List in 1979.

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