A museum stores the historical memories of a place, how events happened, what happened after which events and what led to inventions as we know them. Such questions are answered in museums. Museums like The Earth and the Man in Sofia are known for preserving minerals, so museums like The Earth and the Man Museum here preserve and house not only historical evidence but also important minerals and resources. Museum in Sofia Do great work to preserve Bulgarian culture in a unique way for the next generations.
5 best museums in Sofia
The historical events that took place are preserved in Sofia’s museums, some of which are well-known and some of which are less known, but which have great historical importance. The city has some very interesting and famous museums such as:
1. National Museum of Earth and Man
This museum is considered to be the largest mineral museum in the world. It was established on December 30, 1985 and visitors were allowed from June 19, 1987. The museum was built over an area of 4000m2 and had several rooms including laboratories, video rooms, exhibition halls, conference rooms etc. It is said that the museum houses 40% of all minerals obtained naturally as well as by man-made processes that were originally created by the Bulgarian people. There is an assortment of these minerals, numbering approximately 20,000, such as the minerals of Bulgaria, giant crystals, precious stones. Minerals used industrially are also available and have a separate section of classification.
The National Museum of Earth and Man is known not only for the conservation of mineral resources but also for hosting various shows, exhibitions, seminars, conferences and concerts. The museum is at 4 Cherni Vrah Blvd. in Sofia. It is open all days from 10 am to 6 pm and tickets cost two leva. There is a provision for discounts when visiting by students or groups of people. Foreign language translators are also available.
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2. Alexander Nevsky Crypt Icon Museum
The ground floor of St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, which was originally planned to house the tomb of the first Bulgarian kings, has been converted into this national art gallery dedicated to Orthodox art. This was done because no subsequent kings were buried here in the ground floor and so the tomb was converted into a museum of Orthodox art.
This Alexander Nevsky Crypt Icon Museum is said to have the largest collection of Orthodox icons in all of Europe. This means that the symbols were collected over a very long period of time and history is depicted through symbols. The Romans adopted Christianity as their official religion and this is also represented through symbols.
Like the previous museum, it also organizes exhibitions and it is estimated that the exhibition brings about 200 icons that were collected from the 13th to the 19th century. Apart from the representation of symbols, fragments of wall paintings, antiques and carvings are also represented in the exhibitions here. It is the result of 30 years of long effort and difficulty of artisans and artists that today one can admire 300 decorative elements and frescoes. Decorative elements include elements of marble, gold, onyx and alabaster.
The entrance to the basement is from the north-western entrance of the Alexander Nevsky Church. In Paris, Madrid, Munich, Berlin, Brussels and many other countries there are people who are always amazed by seeing and experiencing icons.
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3. National Military History Museum, Sofia
The National Museum of Military History is a part of the Ministry of Defense and has had several different names since 1 August 1914. To preserve memories, culturally valuable articles of national and European military history are preserved and processed.
It is spread over a wide area of 40,000 square meters outdoor and 5,000 square meters indoor exhibition area. It is now over a hundred years old and contains about a million objects such as rebel flags, parade uniforms, weapons, etc. that relate to the military history of the Bulgarians and Europeans. The National History Museum has a library and a computer center for the betterment of the visitors.
War can be experienced by listening to strange sounds like noise of soldiers, flowing rivers, national military anthem etc. There are approximately 230 examples of artillery that were used during World War 2. Of missile launchers. The museum also carries out an educational program for young students.
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4. National Museum of Ethnography
The ethno-cultural wealth of the Bulgarian people is collected and displayed in this National Ethnographic Museum, which is built within the premises of the Royal Palace itself.
Like other museums, the museum has also cooperated with other museums and presented about 50 exhibitions in Bulgaria and abroad. It contains 50,000 or more objects classified into several categories such as ritual objects, clothing, jewellery, goldsmith crafts, carpets, agriculture, exotic art and much more. This has shown that it is one of the richest in the Balkan Peninsula because of the diversity it contains and the large number of objects such as jewellery, clothing and many other objects that it holds inside. The museum actually depicts the daily life of the Bulgarian people like what they wore, their actions and attitudes all tried to be kept intact and alive.
Because its domain is so large and there are so many things to display and see and talk about that the museum’s curators even tell visitors some interesting facts about the Bulgarian people. They tell about the daily routine of Bulgarian people such as the traditional way of living, how they lived during weekdays and how they lived during weekends. Embroidery is said to be one of the most important features found in Bulgarian folklore. Now, with so many things in one place and so much to learn and experience, the museum has now become an educational center and also has the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences on its grounds.
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5. National Art Gallery
Like the previous museum, this National Art Gallery also houses approximately 50,000 pieces of art and heritage of the Bulgarian people. It is located in the capital of Bulgaria and oversees most of the historic buildings and buildings of the Royal Palace of Bulgaria. During this time, the National Archaeological Museum was established which was the first museum in the country to have an art department. This department of art became a separate part when it evolved into the State Art Gallery in 1934. The National Archives was admired for its outstanding works by foreign art and the works of Bulgarian painters of the first generation from the liberation of Bulgaria in the year 1878. and Bulgarian National Revival Artist.
This museum is not only a repository of contemporary and national art, but is also considered to be the country’s largest collection of paintings from the medieval period. It contains over 4,000 icons and is compared by Boris to the Benaki Museum in terms of both number and quality. Danilova.
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Sofia’s museums are a must-see for avid travelers. To tour the city and visit each place one can take the metro or even take an adventurous and fulfilling ride on the colorful vintage tram which will definitely travel from one place to another within the city. Provides a unique experience and many opportunities while doing so. And this also increases passenger satisfaction. So, when are you going to Europe?
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