Kauai Location Facts History When to visit How to reach

Kauai Location Facts History When to visit How to reach

Kauai is the northernmost of Hawaii’s major islands which make up a volcanic archipelago in the Central Pacific. Known as the ‘Garden Island, it is covered by tropical lush greenery due to its abundant rainfall. Because it is the oldest of the islands, formed more than six million years ago, it has been changed the most by erosion which has created some spectacular natural wonders such as the Na Pali Coast and Waimea Canyon. The island is less developed and more laid back than some of the other Hawaiians alike. It is also home to more sandy beaches than say other major islands in Hawaii.

The north and east coasts of Kauai are on the windward side of the island, where the winds blow onto the shore and deposit the most rain. These are the lushest and most tropical sides of the island. By contrast, the south and west sides are sunnier and drier.


West Kauai is littered with spectacular natural wonders. Waimea Canyon, which has been likened to the Grand Canyon, is the main draw. At over 16 km (10 mi) long and an awe-inspiring 1,098 in (3,600 ft) deep, it is enormous. Carved over hundreds of thousands of years by runoff from Mount Waialeale, the canyon shows millions of years of geological history. The colours of its rocks rival that of its Arizona counterpart, except that Waimea Canyon also has touches of green.

Also on the western side of the island in Kalalau Valley. Don’t miss the views into the valley at sunset when the walls reflect beautiful shades of pink, orange, red and grey.



On the sunny south side of the island is the National Tropical Botanical Garden, home to a wide collection of colourful tropical plants. Nearby is Spouting Horn, named after the howling geyser effect created when water rushes into a series of natural lava tubes.

In the north is Hanalei Bay, a spectacular crescent of sandy beach at the foot of a sheer cliff. The town has good restaurants and shops, making this a great place for chilling out on the beach. Further west, the NA Pali coast is known for its lush valleys, enormous jagged cliffs towering above the ocean, lava tubes and caves, and its unspoilt, pristine beaches.


The Na Pali coast State Park was formed to protect the Kalalau Valley, where overgrown gorges drop drastically into the sea 1,219 m (4,000 ft) below. A park is a wonderful place for hiking or kayaking, and a helicopter ride over the awe-inspiring scenery is a truly memorable experience.

When to visit:

January, or September to November

How to reach:


Fly from Honolulu, California or Arizona


  • The beaches around Poipu, near the southern tip of the island, are perfect for snorkelling and diving.
  • The Huleia National Wildlife Refuge – for native wild birds and animals.
  • Wailua Falls – this 60 m (173 ft) waterfall has three spouts of water.
  • The Na Pali Coast – the scenery is spectacular here and the best way to explore is by hiring a 4-wheel drive.
  • Alternatively, book a helicopter ride over the coast for a view from above.
  • The Kauai Museum – located in the old part of Lihue, features the history, geography and culture of the island.

You should know:

Large parts of Jurassic Park, Fantasy Island, Raiders of the Lost Ark, the original King Kong and 6 Days and 7 Nights were filmed here.

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