Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world and is also known as Sagarmatha or Chomolungma in Nepal. It is on the border between Nepal and Tibet, China.
It is also the site of a major scientific study, the Khumbu Ice Core Project (KICP), which is investigating climate change and the effects of global warming on Himalayan glaciers.
Here are some truly interesting facts about Mount Everest:
- The peak was named after Sir George Everest (1790-1866), who was Surveyor-
- General of India from 1830 to 1843.
- It has been known as Chomolungma by Tibetans since at least the 17th century; they call it “Goddess Mother of Mountains.”
- “Sagarmatha”, meaning “forehead of the sky” in Nepali, is another name for Mount Everest.
- It has been estimated that 80% of deaths on Everest are caused by avalanches or falls into crevasses.
- According to some estimates, if all seven continents were flattened out and placed on top of each other, then Mount Everest would be taller than all.
- Mount Everest stands approximately 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level at its highest point, which is known as “peak XV”.
- The summit of Mount Everest is composed of limestone and gneiss rock formations that were formed when magma was forced into cracks in the Earth’s crust by tectonic plate movements; these igneous rocks are known as granite-gneiss.
- The mountain has two main summits: the South Summit, 8850m above sea level, and the North Summit, 8,850 m above sea level. The South Summit is easier to climb than the North Summit.
- Mount Everest is a stratovolcano that last erupted around 11-12 million years ago. It covers an area of 2,200 km2 (855 sq mi) and has an average elevation of 5,200 m (17,000 ft).
- The Nepalese government banned climbing Mount Everest in 1990 because too many people were dying on the mountain. The government lifted the ban in 2002 after improvements were made to rescue teams and equipment.