9 attractions not to miss in Alexandria
Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt and is considered a major economic center. Along with the lighthouse which is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, it is one of the cities with the most history, which is also home to many Greco-Roman monuments. When planning your next trip to Egypt, be sure to take the time to visit the beauty of Alexandria and learn all about the history of the ancient world there, as well as many other types of adventures. and activities awaiting your arrival.
1. Citadel of Qaitbay
The 15th century fortress was established in 1477 AD by a sultan named Al-Ashraf Sayf El-Din Qaitbay. The citadel is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, located on the eastern side of the northern tip of the island of Pharos. Built on the exact view of the lighthouse of Alexandria, Qaitbay’s efforts were in vain as the Ottomans took control of Egypt later in 1512, but the fortress remains.
The fortress was heavily damaged in the British bombing of Alexandria, so the current one is not the original. Visit the Naval Museum housed in the citadel and explore the interior of the fortress to get a glimpse of the enormous structure that once stood on its foundation.
2. Royal Museum of Jewelery
Located in Zizenia, this art and history museum is housed in the former palace of Princess Fatma ElZahraa. The museum is filled with a collection of jewelry and jewelry in the halls of the building, as well as 19e paintings of the century, statues, decorative arts and more. Jewelry and art belonged to the dynasty of Muhammed Ali and his descendants. After the revolution, the jewelry was kept safe until a decree was issued by President Mubarak in 1986 to assign the Fatma ElZahraa Palace to a special museum to house these pieces.
3. Bibliotheca Alexandrina
What was once one of the largest and most important libraries in the ancient world is now the Library of Alexandria and is also a major and cultural center, located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The library is believed to contain between 200 and 700,000 books, but it had enough storage space for eight million books, with the main reading room covering 220,000 square feet.
The Bibliotheca Alexandrina has many different specialty libraries for maps, children, four museums, a planetarium and more! It is not just a simple library, but it is so much more and it is worth visiting.
4. Gardens of Montaza Palace
The Montaza Palace consists of a palace, a museum and extensive gardens. The Salamlek Palace was the first to anchor the Montaza Palace and was built by Khedive Abbas II in 1892, the last Egyptian king monarch. It was King Fuad I who added the larger Al-Haramlik Palace and the Royal Gardens to the Montaza Palace Park. Today it is a public museum of the Muhammed Ali dynasty family history, while the Salamlek Palace is an adjacent hotel.
5. Pillar of Pompey
Visit the 25-meter-high granite column; one of the best-known ancient monuments still standing in Alexandria today. Pompey’s pillar was completed in AD 292 and was dedicated to Emperor Diocletian. It was damaged and rebuilt again and destroyed once again. The high platform was accessible by a staircase of 100 steps. Even though most of the Serapis Temple is now gone, the site is worth a visit to witness the great column; Pillar of Pompey.
6. Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue
One of the two remaining synagogues in Alexandria, where there were once twelve, Eliyahu Hanavi is located on Nabi Daniel Street in Alexandria. Although it was built in 1354, it was bombed and then rebuilt with contributions from the Muhammad Ali dynasty.
The synagogue is the witness of a disappearing Jewish community. Located in the heart of the city of Alexandria, the synagogue could accommodate 700 worshipers and was the last to operate in Egypt until it closed in 2012 for security reasons. The Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue is a symbol of the historical plurality of Egypt, when various national and religious communities worked and lived among themselves in a spirit of togetherness and religious freedom.
7. Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa
This historic archaeological site is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. The necropolis has a series of tombs, statues and archaeological objects. Don’t miss a chance to visit the catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, which translates to “Mound of Shards” and is known to feature Roman, Greek and Egyptian cultural points. It is believed that the catacombs were only intended for one family, but for some unclear reason the site was enlarged to accommodate many more individuals.
8. Ancient Roman amphitheater
The archaeological site located in Kom El Dekka houses an ancient Roman theater, thermal baths and a villa with mosaics. The amphitheater is synonymous with double theater and it is a structure built in a semi-circular shape. Although the structure is now considered ruins, it was originally an open-air theater and had galleries that contained rooms for more spectators with arrangements of 700 to 800 marble seats. Visit the ancient Roman Amphitheater, today considered the most important Greco-Roman monument in Egypt. It is one of the most interesting historical sites in Alexandria which is why it is included in almost all Alexandria travel packages.
9. Underwater excursions
Last, but not least, is a most famous activity in Alexandria; underwater excursions. Alexandria is known for its many entertaining underwater adventures, many of which can include museums that lie safely beneath coastal waters. For example, Cleopatra’s Palace is one of the submerged monuments of Alexandria that was once part of the ancient city of Alexandria.
Underwater excursions are completely safe as you do not need to be a swimmer as you will be accompanied by a professional who will help you underwater. It is one of the most memorable activities you can do on your own or with friends.
All of this and more can be found in the second largest city in Egypt. Learn all there is to know about the ancient world and enjoy an unforgettable trip to Alexandria when planning your next trip to Egypt!